Constitution Of India Part-2 : Citizenship
Any country gives some special rights to its native residents, these rights are called citizenship. There is a monogamous citizenship in India. That is, we are only citizens of the country. States are not citizens but residents. Citizenship in India has been taken from Britain.
- The citizenship of India is based on the Act of 1950, the first amendment to the citizenship was done in 1986.
- Being a citizen, PAN Card, Aadhar Card is given. This facility is not available to non-citizens.
- The discussion of the citizen is up to Article (5-11) in Part-2.
What is in Article 5?
The citizenship given in the beginning of the constitution i.e. when the constitution was made, all those people were given citizenship. who were inside India at that time.
What is in Article 6?
Citizenship of people who came to India from Pakistan but if they come after constitution is made then citizenship will not be available.
What is in Article 7?
Persons who migrated from India to Pakistan after independence, who returned before the constitution was made, would be given citizenship.
What is in Article 8?
Indian citizenship will not be terminated by traveling abroad and doing job.
What is in Article 9?
Indian citizenship will be terminated on taking foreign citizenship.
What is in Article 10?
The citizenship of Indians will continue as long as they do not commit any anti-national act.
What is in Article 11?
Parliament makes the citizenship law, this responsibility has been given to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Methods of obtaining citizenship
There are five methods of obtaining citizenship in India.
(1) All children born in India on the basis of birth shall be granted citizenship if their parents are citizens of India.
So Ex- all of us.
(2) Children born abroad will also be given citizenship. If either of his parents or both is a citizen of India
(3) On the merger of a foreign state into India – the people there will be given citizenship. After the merger of Sikkim with India, it was given to the resident there. Citizenship Citizenship to the Parganas district of Bangladesh.
(4) Registration – To obtain citizenship by this method, a person has to live in India continuously for 5 years. Commonwealth countries are given citizenship by this method.
(5) Indigenization – A person who knows only one language of India, has a positive attitude towards India. Should be proficient in science or art and must have lived in India continuously for 10 years.
Overseas Citizenship – It was added in 2005 by Laxmimal Sindhvi Committee. It is given to big industrialists. Those who have acquired foreign citizenship. A person acquiring this citizenship can come to India without VISA.
- Citizenship can be terminated by the Ministry of Home Affairs for committing anti-national acts or going insane or coming under the influence of another nation.
- VISA – Permission is required to go to another country. This permission itself is called VISA. Without VISA one cannot enter any other country.
- PASSPORT – To leave your country and go to another country, you have to take permission from your own country. Which is called Passport.